Fuel Injected Two Strokes arrive in 2018 From KTM

(James McMahon) #1

Something for Karting here? I keep hearing inklings here and there in the industry that KTM are scoping karting as a market. No mention of the displacements in the press release, but something to ponder for karts perhaps.

Discuss Would two stroke fuel injection solve problems for some kart racers and make things easier? Or does it just bring more complexity and potiental for problems.

Press release and further reading below…

Press Release

The Austrian manufacturer is well-known for its revolutionary advancements in technology and now the game-changer is finally here with 2-stroke fuel injection Enduro models being launched as part of the 2018 EXC range. With KTM’s unwavering commitment to being at the very forefront of offroad motorcycle sport, in which the orange brand has achieved many championship wins over the years, the latest, exciting development in technology has come to fruition.

It has been no secret that KTM’s Research and Development department in Mattighofen, Austria has been developing this technology, which offers considerable benefits over carbureted models including drastically reduced fuel consumption while also no-longer having the need to pre-mix fuel or alter the machines’ jetting. Not only that, the new 2-stroke TPI models offer a completely new experience in terms of power delivery and rideability, which once again demonstrates KTM’s commitment to its off-road roots, continuing on from the all-new generation of Enduro machines released last year. As market leaders in this segment, KTM believes the new 2-stroke fuel injection technology, known as TPI (Transfer Port Injection), is revolutionary. More information will be available during the international media launch, which begins on May 15, 2017.

Joachim Sauer, KTM Product Marketing Manager: "This is an incredibly exciting development for KTM. We have been developing 2-stroke fuel injection for some time and our goal was to create competitive motorcycles with all the benefits of fuel injection, while fitting into our READY TO RACE mantra. There has been extensive testing and considerations for our Research and Development team to take into account during this process, so we are very motivated by this next step and world-first in technology, as we take a major step forward in this segment. We are certainly looking forward to unveiling the new 2018 KTM 250 EXC TPI and KTM 300 EXC TPI machines in May. In Europe the bikes will arrive at the dealer floors in early summer, and in the U.S. and Canada, the new 2018 250 XC-W TPI will be available in very limited quantities in late fall.”

Further Reading:


(Andre Molina) #2

Bimota tried it first with the V Due 500.

Didn’t work well for them, but then they didn’t build dirtbikes. Different market.

(Aaron Hachmeister) #3

What would the advantage to these fuel injected engines be? I know that some of the reason that it took KTM and other dirtbike manufacturers so long to bring fuel injection to their world was because it’s more complicated, and fuel injection doesn’t actually make more performance. Conversely, it adds weight and complexity to an otherwise straightforward setup.

There are a couple of benefits that one article I found mentioned. For one, they provide just the right amount of fuel at all times, which can allow the engine to idle, but in a kart application there are moments where we need more fuel for the upcoming situation. A furl injection system will not always be able to provide in these scenarios. Are these benefits more desirable than both the performance that will be lost and the cost that is being added?

Here’s the article I stole just about all my info from: http://motocrossactionmag.com/news/ask-the-mxperts-whats-holding-up-fuel-injected-two-stroke

(James McMahon) #4

Main benefit that’s been proposed to karting in the past is the avoidance of having to tune a carb. I’m sceptial that it would be quite that simple. There’s something to be said for “the devil you know”. Also when you look at how different CR125 in kart application vs moto you wonder how well such an injection system

Nonetheless, if the price is right and the support is there it might be worth testing throughly for potiental adoption on Karts.

Other benefits include better longevity of components… Of the oil injection is working properly :blush:

Lastly, there’s the situation where a shortage of CR parts crops up now and again which causes problems.

(Andre Molina) #5

Nah, for bikes the true main benefit is meeting emissions. Dirt bikes in CARB states need to be emissions compliant, in theory.

If one day states or countries begin requiring mandated emissions standards on and off road, fuel injection might HAVE to come to karting.

(Nik Goodfellow) #6

The only performance it could provide is mapping fuel across the rpm/load range and to allow the fueling to change with atmospheric conditions.

But we don’t really have problems with that anymore, its not like a change in air pressure mid race makes have the engines seize like it used to. For bikes it is mainly emissions. They would prefer a 2 stroke for weight and the fuel injection allows them to use a 2 stroke whilst meeting emissions requirements. If they are used for enduro events there may be a fuel saving too.

I generally like technology, and i think carbs are over priced but unless karting can make use of the components manufactured in the 100,000s for bikes, it’ll likely be too expensive for us. We’d need a fuel pump, injector, maf sensor and ecu with potential for a lambda sensor and other sensors. For a small application like karts I can’t see that coming in under $500 and that’s a big chunk of a kart engine.

(Jon Johnson) #7

In my view, you would need direct injection and forced air induction. DI would allow you to wait until the exhaust port was closed before fuel was added. FAI could clear and fill the cylinder cleanly in the shorter time allotted in a 2 stroke. Since you aren’t charging the crankcase with fuel/air you could lubricate it like a 4 stroke. And you don’t have to use transfer ports, you could use electric “valves”. Then you would need a freaking big muffler to handle the heat and noise (think racing 13b rotary). I think something like that could make a lot of power. Oh ya and DON’T call it a 2 stroke! Make up a new name or it will never fly.

(Davin Roberts Sturdivant) #9

Oh snap, Jon is here! (waves)

(James McMahon) #10

That’s true, the punishment is not as harsh as with the older aircooled motors, but people still struggle with carbs sometimes getting performance from them and sometimes just getting them to run right. I’ve always looked at FI s another thing to tweak and play with in some way.

@Jon_Johnson Welcome :slight_smile: The only thing about that setup is that it might be peaky I think? Have you seen the turbo diesel concept thingy from Roland Holzner?

(Jon Johnson) #11

Yes I recall seeing that before. Diesel could help with piston/cylinder life and quiet the motor. I would think you could keep a good torque curve even in the gasoline motor with all the computer control of injection, ignition and valve timing (I was suggesting using solenoid controlled valves).

(James McMahon) #12

Update from Motocross Action Magazine:


Some details:

  • 250cc, reed valve induction.
  • Six speed transmission.
  • Electric Start.
  • Balance Shaft.
  • “Synerjet” ECU controls everything on the engine via five sensors—intake air pressure, oil temperature, barometric pressure, throttle position and water temperature.
  • EFI with electronic power valve, no premix required.
  • 2x Fuel injectors.

(Nik Goodfellow) #13

Maybe I’m not looking at the picture right, are the injectors going into the side of the cylinder?

So its not direct injection, its port injected into the intake ports of the cylinder?


(James McMahon) #14

Spot on. Fuel is injected into the transfer ports. Not sure where oil is admitted though.

(Nik Goodfellow) #15

I would assume the oil just sits in there like a 4 stroke would. I guess there must be a direct link from the carb to the intake ports rather then swishing around the oil filled crankcase.

(James McMahon) #16

No it’s fed oil separately. Just not sure from where. Maybe the little spigot at the back of the jug. That mightn’t do much for main bearings though.

(Nik Goodfellow) #17

It looks like it has a little oil fill hole (with a plastic screw in it) just to the left of the gear change mechanism?

(Matt Lankford) #18

Ktm WILL NOT sell an engine without the dirtbike around it. We run 250F engines on outlaw karts and have to buy the entire bikes.

(Andre Molina) #19

That is amazing! Hope you can sell those dirtbike rollers afterwards.

(James McMahon) #20

(James McMahon) #21

More details on this from Dirtbiketest.com Even though the possiblity of this coming to karting en-masse is remote, it’s still cool to keep tabs on…